Industrial revolution 

Industrial herein refers to industrial manufacturing of the products for which 4 phases are described as: the First Industrial Revolution: late 1700s, steam engine; the Second Industrial Revolution: 1870 to 1914, steel, oil and electricity and used electric power; the Third Industrial Revolution: 1980s and ongoing.

Personal computer, the internet, information and communications technologies and  Industry 4.0: new era, robotics, artificial intelligence, nanotechnology, quantum computing, biotechnology, The Internet of Things (IoT), 3D printing and autonomous vehicles.


Industrial manufacturing in Turkey: around $900 billion 

Manufacturing is the most important sector and accounts for 84 percent of total production. The biggest segments within Manufacturing are: Food products (16 percent of total production); basic metals (11 percent); motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers (9 percent); textile (8 percent); other non-metallic mineral products (6 percent); rubber and plastic products (5 percent); chemicals and chemical products (5 percent); electrical equipment (5 percent); wearing apparel (5 percent); and fabricated metal products (5 percent). 

Export goods

Turkey's major exports were: machinery and transport equipment (31 percent of total exports), of which road vehicles (15 percent) and electrical machinery, apparatus and appliances (6 percent); manufactured goods (25 percent), of which textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles (7 percent), iron and steel(6 percent).

Import goods

The EU is by far Turkey's number one import and export partner. EU exports to Turkey are dominated by machinery and transport material, chemical products andmanufactured goods. Turkey's exports to the EU are mostly machinery and transport equipment, followed by manufactured goods.


Nature of the industrial production in Turkey

In Turkey, growth rate fluctuates over the years around 4% mostly depending the availibility of international funds. In general, marginal productivity of the direct investments is attractive for many foreign investors. Turkey's manufacturing industry imports high-tech devices, equipments and semi-finished inputs from the central countries. 

Technical documentations

The most common documents include System Configuration Guide, Installation Guide, API Guide, Quick Start Guide, User Guides, Troubleshooting Guides, Maintenance Guide, Technical Specifications, Reference Sheets, Release Notes, Architecture and Engineering Documents, Help Files, Standard Operation Procedure manuals, Tutorial Videos, Procedure Manuals, Tutorials, Technical Articles, Reference Guide, Patents, Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) and Forums.

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